The Significance Of Regular Servicing On A Motor Vehicle

Caring for your vehicle is one thing which is crucial, however lots of people are not familiar with the right time to get their automobile to the repair shop. Quite often, individuals hold off until they notice a problem with their automobile before they bring it to the auto repair shop. Unfortunately, this isn’t the best way to manage an automobile. You’ll wish to go ahead and take automobile in on a regular basis to prevent being forced to get it in just for costly vehicle repairs.

Any time you bring your vehicle in to obtain regular servicing, your auto mechanic can completely look at the vehicle for any issues. A few of the basic issues they’re going to check could be the level of fluids, be sure there is absolutely no leakages, plus take a look at your car’s tires plus the braking system. This will allow them to find out if there is something breaking down well before it fails. They can also fill up all of the fluids in the automobile to ensure they will be at the optimum amount. In case any troubles are identified, your auto mechanic can certainly correct them all for you. This way, they won’t turn into a even bigger issue that leaves you stranded or maybe with your vehicle in the repair shop for an extended and high-priced fix.

Not all problems may be found by normal maintenance, even though many can. Whenever a difficulty does indeed happen, you can take your car to your auto technician and they’re going to be prepared to repair it swiftly. Because they know what work has recently been carried out on your car as well as precisely what upkeep has recently been performed, they will know where to try to find virtually any problems. That is somewhat similar to a doctor visit. If they are familiar with you, they’ve got a better notion of what has been looked over just recently and also just what should be looked over to determine the reason behind any issues.

In case you would like to know more about how recurrent servicing can help you keep your vehicle in great shape, you ought to go to this useful reference and browse much of the useful content found there. You can also pay a visit to this important site and also read more here now. After that, confer with your mechanic concerning setting up a time for you to have your car or truck looked over. You can also arrange your routine upkeep ahead of time oftentimes therefore you don’t have to take the day off and wait for your automobile to be checked out.

Vintage Watches are Timeless Timepieces You Need

A long summer afternoon, spent in the study of your dull grandfather. The aroma of cologne and her cigar competed with the smell of Grandmother’s meat or Sunday sauce, which floated from the kitchen above. You will be tucked into the corner of a cracked leather armchair, photographed through a book of greatness with rich illustrations of watercolors, or maybe just seeing dancing dust dancing through the sun.

Sometimes Grandpa will let you look around the treasures in his desk drawer: old coins, antique keys, pens, pictures of black relatives and distant relatives. And, of course, his watch, still as cool as buying it in Paris during the war. Glance once again displays memories, and he starts telling his story …

There is no doubt that vintage watches are reminiscent of an era when people value the quality of workmanship. Unfortunately, your brother is the one who inherited Grandpa’s watch, but there’s a way for you to recapture the nostalgia: looking at vintage watches.

Three Reasons Why Vintage Watches Are Not Aligned
On days when no self-respecting person will be seen in public without a hat and a pocket box, a watch is a necessary accessory as well as a style.

Today, we do not need a watch – even if you do not want to go into your breast pocket for your smartphone, it looks like digital clocks are everywhere. So why choose vintage watches? Let’s see.

They Are Not Ordinary

Wearing watch watches, especially one of the many multilevel vintage watches available, will set you apart from the masses. When everyone bends over their devices, drawn to the vortex of social media and ongoing communication, all you have to do is glance at your wrists quickly.

They are the class symbol

James Bond. Cary Grant. Sinatra and Deano. The classic style is not as easy as it is today, it’s now a disposable mode and people wear pajamas to grocery stores. It’s not you you understand that projecting sophisticated masculine images depends on the details: well-polished wing tips, because your shirt just wrinkles and, of course, the beautiful leather band of your vintage watch peeking out from behind your cuffs.

They Last Lifetime – Or Two!

If the vintage Omega watches can talk, they will definitely tell some interesting stories.

What story will you rely on on your watch repertoire? Having a well-made watch from the mid-20th century puts you in history. Unlike today’s technological gizmos that are practically obsolete when you take them out of their packaging, the old school technology of beautifully crafted chronographs is completely timeless.

Imagine passing on a vintage watch to your son, and then one day seeing him decorate your grandkids wrist. No iPhone can compare to that tradition.

Once you tie the first watch, you’ll be hooked. Vintage watches are wonderful, collectible, and practical items that you will be proud to own, and move on to future generations. Grandpa will approve!

Love blogs? How about sharing news with other vintage watch lovers on your favorite social platform?

Soybean – auto key blanks – replacement car key

Classification Varieties of soybeans are used for many purposes. The genus name Glycine was originally introduced by Carl Linnaeus (1737) in his first edition of Genera Plantarum. The word glycine is derived from the Greek – glykys (sweet) and likely refers to the sweetness of the pear-shaped (apios in Greek) edible tubers produced by the native North American twining or climbing herbaceous legume, Glycine apios, now known as Apios americana. The cultivated soybean first appeared in Species Plantarum, by Linnaeus, under the name Phaseolus max L. The combination Glycine max (L.) Merr., as proposed by Merrill in 1917, has become the valid name for this useful plant. The genus Glycine Willd. is divided into two subgenera, Glycine and Soja. The subgenus Soja (Moench) F.J. Herm. includes the cultivated soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr., and the wild soybean, Glycine soja Sieb. & Zucc. Both species are annual. Glycine soja is the wild ancestor of Glycine max and grows wild in China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan and Russia. The subgenus Glycine consists of at least 16 wild perennial species: for example, Glycine canescens F.J. Herm. and G. tomentella Hayata, both found in Australia and Papua New Guinea. Like some other crops of long domestication, the relationship of the modern soybean to wild-growing species can no longer be traced with any degree of certainty. It is a cultural variety with a very large number of cultivars. Description and physical characteristics Soy varies in growth, habit, and height. It may grow not higher than 20 cm (7.8 inches), or grow up to 2 meters (6.5 feet) high. The pods, stems, and leaves are covered with fine brown or gray hairs. The leaves are trifoliolate, having 3 to 4 leaflets per leaf, and the leaflets are 615 cm (26 inches) long and 27 cm (13 inches) broad. The leaves fall before the seeds are mature. The inconspicuous, self-fertile flowers are borne in the axil of the leaf and are white, pink or purple. Small, purple soybean flowers. The fruit is a hairy pod that grows in clusters of 35, each pod is 38 cm long(13 inches) and usually contains 24 (rarely more) seeds 511 mm in diameter. Soybeans occur in various sizes, and in many hull or seed coat colors, including black, brown, blue, yellow, green and mottled. The hull of the mature bean is hard, water resistant, and protects the cotyledon and hypocotyl (or “germ”) from damage. If the seed coat is cracked, the seed will not germinate. The scar, visible on the seed coat, is called the hilum (colors include black, brown, buff, gray and yellow) and at one end of the hilum is the micropyle, or small opening in the seed coat which can allow the absorption of water for sprouting. Remarkably, seeds such as soybeans containing very high levels of protein can undergo desiccation yet survive and revive after water absorption. A. Carl Leopold, son of Aldo Leopold, began studying this capability at the Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research at Cornell University in the mid 1980s. He found soybeans and corn to have a range of soluble carbohydrates protecting the seed’s cell viability. Patents were awarded to him in the early 1990s on techniques for protecting “biological membranes” and proteins in the dry state. Compare to tardigrades. Chemical composition of the seed Soybean, mature seeds, raw Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz) Energy 1,866 kJ (446 kcal) Carbohydrates 30.16 g Sugars 7.33 g Dietary fiber 9.3 g Fat 19.94 g saturated 2.884 g monounsaturated 4.404 g polyunsaturated 11.255 g Protein 36.49 g Tryptophan 0.591 g Threonine 1.766 g Isoleucine 1.971 g Leucine 3.309 g Lysine 2.706 g Methionine 0.547 g Cystine 0.655 g Phenylalanine 2.122 g Tyrosine 1.539 g Valine 2.029 g Arginine 3.153 g Histidine 1.097 g Alanine 1.915 g Aspartic acid 5.112 g Glutamic acid 7.874 g Glycine 1.880 g Proline 2.379 g Serine 2.357 g Water 8.54 g Vitamin A equiv. 1 g (0%) Vitamin B6 0.377 mg (29%) Vitamin B12 0 g (0%) Vitamin C 6.0 mg (10%) Vitamin K 47 g (45%) Calcium 277 mg (28%) Iron 15.70 mg (126%) Magnesium 280 mg (76%) Phosphorus 704 mg (101%) Potassium 1797 mg (38%) Sodium 2 mg (0%) Zinc 4.89 mg (49%) Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. Source: USDA Nutrient database Together, oil and protein content account for about 60% of dry soybeans by weight; protein at 40% and oil at 20%. The remainder consists of 35% carbohydrate and about 5% ash. Soybean cultivars comprise approximately 8% seed coat or hull, 90% cotyledons and 2% hypocotyl axis or germ. Most soy protein is a relatively heat-stable storage protein. This heat stability enables soy food products requiring high temperature cooking, such as tofu, soy milk and textured vegetable protein (soy flour) to be made. The principal soluble carbohydrates of mature soybeans are the disaccharide sucrose (range 2.58.2%), the trisaccharide raffinose (0.11.0%) composed of one sucrose molecule connected to one molecule of galactose, and the tetrasaccharide stachyose (1.4 to 4.1%) composed of one sucrose connected to two molecules of galactose. While the oligosaccharides raffinose and stachyose protect the viability of the soy bean seed from desiccation (see above section on physical characteristics) they are not digestible sugars and therefore contribute to flatulence and abdominal discomfort in humans and other monogastric animals; compare to the disaccharide trehalose. Undigested oligosaccharides are broken down in the intestine by native microbes producing gases such as carbon dioxide, hydrogen, and methane. Since soluble soy carbohydrates are found in the whey and are broken down during fermentation, soy concentrate, soy protein isolates, tofu, soy sauce, and sprouted soy beans are without flatus activity. On the other hand, there may be some beneficial effects to ingesting oligosaccharides such as raffinose and stachyose, namely, encouraging indigenous bifidobacteria in the colon against putrefactive bacteria. The insoluble carbohydrates in soybeans consist of the complex polysaccharides cellulose, hemicellulose, and pectin. The majority of soybean carbohydrates can be classed as belonging to dietary fiber. Nutrition Further information: Soy protein For human consumption, soybeans must be cooked with “wet” heat in order to destroy the trypsin inhibitors (serine protease inhibitors). It is not advisable to eat raw soybeans. Soybeans are considered by many agencies to be a source of complete protein. A complete protein is one that contains significant amounts of all the essential amino acids that must be provided to the human body because of the body’s inability to synthesize them. For this reason, soy is a good source of protein, amongst many others, for vegetarians and vegans or for people who want to reduce the amount of meat they eat. According to the US Food and Drug Administration: Soy protein products can be good substitutes for animal products because, unlike some other beans, soy offers a ‘complete’ protein profile. … Soy protein products can replace animal-based foodshich also have complete proteins but tend to contain more fat, especially saturated fatithout requiring major adjustments elsewhere in the diet. However, as with many dietary health claims, there are opposing viewpoints on the health benefits of soybeans. The gold standard for measuring protein quality, since 1990, is the Protein Digestibility Corrected Amino Acid Score (PDCAAS) and by this criterion soy protein is the nutritional equivalent of meat, eggs, and casein for human growth and health. Soybean protein isolate has a biological value of 74, whole soybeans 96, soybean milk 91, and eggs 97. Soy protein is essentially identical to that of other legume seeds. Moreover, it has the highest yield per square meter of growing area, and is the least expensive source of dietary protein.[citation needed] Consumption of soy may also reduce the risk of colon cancer, possibly due to the presence of sphingolipids. Cultivation Soybean output in 2005 Top Soybean Producers in 2006 (million metric tons)  United States 87.7  Brazil 52.4  Argentina 40.4  China 15.5  India 8.3  Paraguay 3.8  Canada 3.5  Bolivia 1.4 World Total 221.5 Source: UN Food & Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Soybeans are an important global crop, providing oil and protein. In the United States, the bulk of the crop has its oil solvent-extracted with hexane, then the “toasted” defatted soymeal (50% protein) makes possible the raising of farm animals (eg. chicken, hog, turkey) on an industrial scale never before seen in human history. A very small proportion of the crop is consumed directly by humans. Soybean products do appear in a large variety of processed foods. During World War II, soybeans became important in both North America and Europe chiefly as substitutes for other protein foods and as a source of edible oil. It was during World War II that the soybean was discovered as fertilizer by the United States Department of Agriculture. In the 1960-1 Dillion round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), the United States secured tariff-free access for its soybeans to the European market. In the 1960s the United States exported over 90% of the world’s soybeans. In 2005, top soybeans exporters are Brazil (39% of world soybean exports), United States (37%) and Argentina ( 16%), while top importers are China (41% of world soybean imports), European Union (22%), Japan (6%) and Mexico (6%). Cultivation is successful in climates with hot summers, with optimum growing conditions in mean temperatures of 20 C to 30 C (68F to 86F); temperatures of below 20 C and over 40 C (68 F, 104 F) retard growth significantly. They can grow in a wide range of soils, with optimum growth in moist alluvial soils with a good organic content. Soybeans, like most legumes, perform nitrogen fixation by establishing a symbiotic relationship with the bacterium Bradyrhizobium japonicum (syn. Rhizobium japonicum; Jordan 1982). However, for best results an inoculum of the correct strain of bacteria should be mixed with the soybean (or any legume) seed before planting. Modern crop cultivars generally reach a height of around 1 m (3 ft), and take 80120 days from sowing to harvesting. Soybeans are native to east Asia but only 45 percent of soybean production is located there. The other 55 percent of production is in the Americas. The U.S. produced 75 million tons of soybeans in 2000, of which more than one-third was exported. Other leading producers are Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, China, and India. Environmental groups, such as Greenpeace and the WWF, have reported that soybean cultivation and the probability of increased soybean cultivation in Brazil has destroyed huge areas of Amazon rainforest and is encouraging further deforestation. American soil scientist Dr. Andrew McClung, who first showed that the ecologically biodiverse savannah of the Cerrado region of Brazil could grow profitable soybeans, was awarded the 2006 World Food Prize on October 19, 2006. Soybean plants are vulnerable to a wide range of bacterial diseases, fungal diseases, viral diseases and parasites. Further information: List of soybean diseases v  d  e Lists of countries by agricultural output rankings Cereals Barley  Buckwheat  Maize  Millet  Oats  Rice  Rye  Sorghum  Triticale  Wheat Fruit Apples  Bananas  Citrus (Oranges)  Tomatos Other Cacao  Coffee  Fish  Garlic  Milk  Potato  Soybean  Sugar beet  Sugar cane  Sunflower  Tea  Tobacco  Wine Related Irrigation  Land use Lists of countries  Lists by country  List of international rankings  List of statistically superlative countries History Soybeans were a crucial crop in eastern Asia long before written records.[citation needed] They remain a major crop in China, Japan, and Korea. Prior to fermented products such as Soy sauce, tempeh, natto, and miso, soy was considered sacred for its use in crop rotation as a method of fixing nitrogen. The plants would be plowed under to clear the field for food crops.[citation needed] Soy was first introduced to Europe in the early 1700s and what is now the United States in 1765, where it was first grown for hay. Benjamin Franklin wrote a letter in 1770 mentioning sending soybeans home from England. Soybeans did not become an important crop outside of Asia until about 1910. In America, soy was considered an industrial product only and not used as a food prior to the 1920s. Soy was introduced to Africa from China in the late 19th Century and is now widespread across the continent. Asia The wild ancestor of the soybean is Glycine soja (previously called G. ussuriensis), a legume native to central China. The soybean has been used in China for 5,000 years as a food and a component of drugs. According to the ancient Chinese, in 2853 BC the legendary Emperor Shennong of China proclaimed that five plants were sacred: soybeans, rice, wheat, barley, and millet. However, Soy in particular was revered for its root structure as a means of crop rotation and not as a food source. Cultivation of soybeans was long confined chiefly to China, but gradually spread to other countries. The earliest preserved soybeans were found in archaeological sites in Korea. Radiocarbon dating of soybean samples recovered through flotation during excavations at the Early Mumun period Okbang site in Korea indicates that soybean was cultivated as a food crop in ca. 1000900 BC. From about the first century AD to the Age of Discovery (15-16th century), soybeans were introduced into several countries such as India, Japan, Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, Burma, Taiwan and Nepal. This spread was due to the establishment of sea and land trade routes. The best current evidence on the Japanese Archipelago suggests that soybean cultivation occurred in the early Yayoi period. The earliest Japanese textual reference to the soybean is in the classic Kojiki (Records of Ancient Matters) which was completed in 712 AD. Many people have claimed that soybeans in Asia were historically only used after a fermentation process, which lowers the high phytoestrogens content found in the raw plant. However, terms similar to “soy milk” have been in use since 82 AD, and there is evidence of tofu consumption that dates to 220. United States Soy took on a very important role in the United States after World War I. During the Great Depression, the drought stricken (Dust Bowl) regions of the United States were able to use soy to regenerate their soil because of its nitrogen-fixing properties. Farms were increasing production in order to meet with government demands, and Henry Ford was a great leader of the soybean industry. In 1932-33 the Ford Motor Company spent approximately $1,250,000 on soybean research. By 1935 every Ford car had soy involved in its manufacture. For example, soybean oil was used to paint the automobiles as well as fluid for shock absorbers. Ford’s involvement with the soybean opened many doors for agriculture and industry to be linked more strongly than it ever had before. Henry Ford promoted the soybean, helping to develop uses for it both in food and in industrial products, even demonstrating auto body panels made of soy-based plastics. Ford’s interest led to two bushels of soybeans being used in each Ford car as well as products like the first commercial soy milk, ice cream and all-vegetable non-dairy whipped topping. The Ford development of so-called soy-based plastics was based on the addition of soybean flour and wood flour to phenol formaldehyde plastics. In 1931, Ford hired chemists Robert Boyer and Frank Calvert to produce artificial silk. They succeeded in making a textile fiber of spun soy protein fibers, hardened or tanned in a formaldehyde bath, which was given the name Azlon by the Federal Trade Commission. It was usable in the making of suits, felt hats, and overcoats. Though pilot production of Azlon reached 5000 pounds per day in 1940, it never reached the commercial market; Dupont’s nylon was the winner in the quest to produce artificial silk. Ford himself wore a suit made entirely from soybeans, and he was even said to have had dinner parties with nothing but soybean-based foods on the menu.[citation needed] Genetic modification Different varieties of soybeans being grown together Soybeans are one of the “biotech food” crops that have been genetically modified, and genetically modified soybeans are being used in an increasing number of products. In 1995 Monsanto Company introduced Roundup Ready (RR) soybeans that have been genetically modified to be resistant to the herbicide Roundup through substitution of the Agrobacterium sp. (strain CP4) gene EPSP (5-enolpyruvyl shikimic acid-3-phosphate) synthase. The substituted version is not sensitive to glyphosate. In 1997, about 8% of all soybeans cultivated for the commercial market in the United States were genetically modified. In 2006, the figure was 89%. As with other “Roundup Ready” crops, concern is expressed over damage to biodiversity. However, the RR gene has been bred into so many different soybean cultivars that the genetic modification itself has not resulted in any decline of genetic diversity, as demonstrated by a 2003 study on genetic diversity. The widespread use of such types of GM soybeans in the Americas has caused problems with exports to some regions. GM crops require extensive certification before they can be legally imported into the European Union, where there is considerable supplier and consumer reluctance to use GM products for consumer or animal use. Difficulties with coexistence and subsequent traces of cross-contamination of non-GM stocks have caused shipments to be rejected and have put a premium on non-GM soy. Uses Soybeans can be broadly classified as “vegetable” (garden) or field (oil) types. Vegetable types cook more easily, have a mild nutty flavor, better texture, are larger in size, higher in protein, and lower in oil than field types. Tofu and soy milk producers prefer the higher protein cultivars bred from vegetable soybeans originally brought to the United States in the late 1930s. The “garden” cultivars are generally not suitable for mechanical combine harvesting because there is a tendency for the pods to shatter upon reaching maturity. Among the legumes, the soybean, also classed as an oilseed, is pre-eminent for its high (3845%) protein content as well as its high (20%) oil content. Soybeans are the second most valuable agricultural export in the United States behind corn. The bulk of the soybean crop is grown for oil production, with the high-protein defatted and “toasted” soy meal used as livestock feed. A smaller percentage of soybeans are used directly for human consumption. Immature soybeans may be boiled whole in their green pod and served with salt, under the Japanese name edamame (, edamame?). Because of the proclaimed health benefits of soy, edamame has been featured as an ideal snack alternative in fitness and healthy living magazines. Edamame is sold in the frozen vegetable section at some larger grocery stores, and as ready-to-eat snackfood in many Asian delis. In China, Japan, and Korea the bean and products made from the bean are a popular part of the diet. The Chinese invented tofu ( dufu), and also made use of several varieties of soybean paste as seasonings. Japanese foods made from soya include miso (), natt (), kinako () and edamame (). In Korean cuisine, soybean sprouts, called kongnamul (), are also used in a variety of dishes, and are also the base ingredient in doenjang, cheonggukjang and ganjang. In Vietnam, soya bean are used to make soybean paste- tng in the North with the most popular products are tng Bn, tng Nam n, tng C as a garnish of ph dish and g cu dish), tofu ( h or ph or tu h), soya sauce (n tng, literally: soya water), soya milk (n in the North or s nnh in the South), h n g (tofu sweet soup). In India, black soybean is popular in the Himalayan regions of the country (esp. Uttarakhand), where it is consumed in various ways similar to pulses. The beans can be processed in a variety of ways. Common forms of soy (or soya) include soy meal, soy flour, soy milk, tofu, textured vegetable protein (TVP, which is made into a wide variety of vegetarian foods, some of them intended to imitate meat), tempeh, soy lecithin and soybean oil. Soybeans are also the primary ingredient involved in the production of soy sauce (or shoyu). Soybeans grow throughout Asia and North and South America. Soybean fields in the United States Archer Daniels Midland (ADM) is among the largest processors of soybeans and soy products. ADM along with Dow Chemical Company, DuPont and Monsanto Company support the industry trade associations United Soybean Board and Soyfoods Association of North America. These trade associations have increased the consumption of soy products dramatically in recent years. Oil Main article: Soybean oil Soyabean seed contains about 19 % Oil. To Extract soybean oil from seed , the soybeans are cracked, adjusted for moisture content, rolled into flakes and solvent-extracted with commercial hexane. The oil is then refined, blended for different applications, and sometimes hydrogenated. Soybean oils, both liquid and partially hydrogenated, are exported abroad, sold as “vegetable oil,” or end up in a wide variety of processed foods. The remaining soybean husks are used mainly as animal feed. Meal Main article: Soybean meal Soybean meal is the material remaining after solvent extraction of oil from soybean flakes, with a 50% soy protein content. The meal is ‘toasted’ (a misnomer because the heat treatment is with moist steam) and ground in a hammer mill. Soybean meal is an essential element of the American production method of growing farm animals such as poultry and swine on an industrial scale that began in the 1930s; and more recently the aquaculture of catfish. Ninety-eight percent of the U.S. soybean crop is used for livestock feed. Soybean meal is also used in lower end dog foods. Flour Soy flour refers to defatted soybeans ground finely enough to pass through a 100-mesh or smaller screen where special care was taken during desolventizing (not toasted) in order to minimize denaturation of the protein to retain a high Protein Dispersibility Index (PDI), for uses such as extruder cooking of textured vegetable protein. It is the starting material for production of soy concentrate and soy protein isolate. Defatted soy flour is obtained from solvent extracted flakes, and contains less than 1% oil. Full-fat soy flour is made from unextracted, dehulled beans, and contains about 18% to 20% oil. Due to its high oil content a specialized Alpine Fine Impact Mill must be used for grinding rather than the more common hammer mill. Low-fat soy flour is made by adding back some oil to defatted soy flour. The lipid content varies according to specifications, usually between 4.5% and 9%. High-fat soy flour can also be produced by adding back soybean oil to defatted flour at the level of 15%. Lecithinated soy flour is made by adding soybean lecithin to defatted, low-fat or high-fat soy flours to increase their dispersibility and impart emulsifying properties. The lecithin content varies up to 15%. Reference: Soybeans: Chemistry and Technology. page 442. A.K. Smith and S.J. Circle. The AVI Publishing Company,1972. Infant formula Soy-based infant formula (SBIF) is used for infants who are allergic to cow milk proteins. It is sold in powdered, ready-to-feed, and concentrated liquid forms. Some reviews have expressed the opinion that more research is needed to determine what effect the phytoestrogens in soybeans may have on infants. Diverse studies have concluded there are no adverse effects in human growth, development, or reproduction as a result of the consumption of soy-based infant formula. One of these studies, published in the Journal of Nutrition, concludes that there are: …no clinical concerns with respect to nutritional adequacy, sexual development, neurobehavioral development, immune development, or thyroid disease. SBIFs provide complete nutrition that adequately supports normal infant growth and development. FDA has accepted SBIFs as safe for use as the sole source of nutrition. Meat and dairy substitutes Open package of a soy-based cream cheese alternative with chives Soybeans can be processed to produce a texture and appearance similar to many other foods. For example, soybeans are the primary ingredient in many dairy product substitutes (e.g., soy milk, margarine, soy ice cream, soy yogurt, soy cheese, and soy cream cheese) and meat substitutes (e.g. veggie burgers). These substitutes are readily available in most supermarkets. Although soy milk does not naturally contain significant amounts of digestable calcium (the high calcium content of soybeans is bound to the insoluble constituents and remains in the soy pulp), many manufacturers of soy milk sell calcium-enriched products as well. Soy is also used in Tempeh: the beans (sometimes mixed with grain) are fermented into a solid cake. Soy products also are used as a low cost filler in meat and poultry products. Food service, retail and institutional (primarily school lunch and correctional) facilities regularly use such “extended” products. Extension may result in diminished flavor, but fat and cholesterol are reduced. Vitamin and mineral fortification can be used to make soy products nutritionally equivalent to animal protein; the protein quality is already roughly equivalent. Other products Soybeans are the bean used in Chinese fermented black beans, douchi, not the sometimes confused black turtle beans. Soybeans are also used in industrial products including oils, soap, cosmetics, resins, plastics, inks, crayons, solvents, and clothing. Soybean oil is the primary source of biodiesel in the United States, accounting for 80% of domestic biodiesel production. Soybeans have also been used since 2001 as fermenting stock in the manufacture of a brand of vodka. Cattle feed Cattle are often fed soy. Spring grasses are rich in Omega-3 fatty acids whereas soy is predominantly Omega-6. “Cows fed plants like alfalfa and flaxseed, substances that, unlike corn or soy, mimic the spring grasses that the animal evolved long ago to eat.” Health benefits Omega-3 fatty acids Roasted soybeans Omega-3 fatty acids, for example, alpha-linolenic acid C18-3, all cis, 9,12,15 octadecatrienoic acid (where the omega-3 refers to carbon number 3 counting from the hydrocarbon tail whereas C-15 refers to carbon number 15 counting from the carboxyl acid head) are special fat components that benefit many body functions. However, the effects which are beneficial to health are associated mainly with the longer-chain, more unsaturated fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n-3, EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3, DHA) found in fish oil and oily fish. For instance, EPA and DHA, inhibit blood clotting, while there is no evidence that alpha-linolenic acid (18:3n3, aLNA) can do this. Soybean oil is one of the few common vegetable oils that contains a significant amount of aLNA; (others include canola, walnut, hemp, and flax). However, soybean oil does not contain EPA or DHA. Soybean oil does contain significantly greater amount of omega-6 fatty acids in the oil: 100g of soybean oil contains 7g of omega-3 fatty acids to 51g of omega-6: a ratio of 1:7. Flaxseed, in comparison, has an omega-3:omega-6 ratio of 3:1. Isoflavones Main article: Isoflavone Soybeans also contain the isoflavones genistein and daidzein, types of phytoestrogen, that are considered by some nutritionists and physicians to be useful in the prevention of cancer and by others to be carcinogenic and endocrine disruptive. Soy’s content of isoflavones are as much as 3 mg/g dry weight.[citation needed] Isoflavones are polyphenol compounds, produced primarily by beans and other legumes, including peanuts and chickpeas. Isoflavones are closely related to the antioxidant flavonoids found in other plants, vegetables and flowers. Isoflavones such as genistein and daidzein are found in only some plant families, because most plants do not have an enzyme, chalcone isomerase which converts a flavone precursor into an isoflavone. In contradiction to well known benefits of isoflavones, genistein acts as an oxidant (stimulating nitrate synthesis), and blocks formation of new blood vessels (antiangiogenic effect). Some studies show that genistein acts as inhibitor of substances that regulate cell division and cell survival (growth factors). A review of the available studies by the United States Health and Human Services Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) found little evidence of substantial health improvements and no adverse effects, but also noted that there was no long-term safety data on estrogenic effects from soy consumption. Cholesterol reduction The dramatic increase in soyfood sales is largely credited to the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) approval of soy as an official cholesterol-lowering food, along with other heart and health benefits. A 2001 literature review argued that these health benefits were poorly supported by the available evidence, and noted that disturbing data on soy’s effect on the cognitive function of the elderly existed. In 2008, an epidemiological study of 719 Indonesian elderly found that tofu intake was associated with worse memory, but tempeh (a fermented soy product) intake was associated with better memory. This study replicated other studies. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (September 2009) From 1992 to 2003, sales have experienced a 15% compound annual growth rate, increasing from $300 million to $3.9 billion over 11 years, as new soyfood categories have been introduced, soyfoods have been repositioned in the market place, thanks to a better emphasis on marketing nutrition. In 1995, the New England Journal of Medicine (Vol. 333, No. 5) published a meta-analysis financed by DuPont Protein Technologies International (PTI), which produces and markets soy through The Solae Company. The meta-analysis concluded that soy protein is correlated with significant decreases in serum cholesterol, LDL (bad cholesterol) and triglycerides. However, HDL(good cholesterol) did not increase by a significant amount. Soy phytoestrogens (isoflavones: genistein and daidzein) adsorbed onto the soy protein were suggested as the agent reducing serum cholesterol levels. On the basis of this research PTI filed a petition with FDA in 1998 for a health claim that soy protein may reduce cholesterol and the risk of heart disease. The FDA granted the following health claim for soy: “25 grams of soy protein a day, as part of a diet low in saturated fat and cholesterol, may reduce the risk of heart disease.” One serving, (1 cup or 240 mL) of soy milk, for instance, contains 6 or 7 grams of soy protein. Solae resubmitted their original petition, asking for a more vague health claim, after their original was challenged and highly criticized. Solae also submitted a petition for a health claim that soy can help prevent cancer. They quickly withdrew the petition for lack of evidence and after more than 1,000 letters of protest were received. In February 18, 2008 Weston A. Price Foundation submitted a petition for removal of this health claim. An American Heart Association review of a decade long study of soy protein benefits casts doubt on the FDA allowed “Heart Healthy” claim for soy protein and does not recommend isoflavone supplementation. The review panel also found that soy isoflavones have not been shown to reduce post menopause “hot flashes” in women and the efficacy and safety of isoflavones to help prevent cancers of the breast, uterus or prostate is in question. Phytic acid Main article: Phytic acid Soybeans contain a high level of phytic acid, which has many effects including acting as an antioxidant and a chelating agent. The beneficial claims for phytic acid include reducing cancer, minimizing diabetes, and reducing inflammation. However, phytic acid is also criticized for reducing vital minerals due to its chelating effect, especially for diets already low in minerals. Health risks Phytoestrogen Main article: Phytoestrogens Soybeans contain isoflavones called genistein and daidzein, which are one source of phytoestrogens in the human diet. Because most naturally occurring estrogenic substances show weak activity, normal consumption of foods that contain these phytoestrogens should not provide sufficient amounts to elicit a physiological response in humans.[citation needed] Plant lignans associated with high fiber foods such as cereal brans and beans are the principal precursor to mammalian lignans which have an ability to bind to human estrogen sites. Soybeans are a significant source of mammalian lignan precursor secoisolariciresinol containing 13273 g/100 g dry weight. Another phytoestrogen in the human diet with estrogen activity is coumestans, which are found in beans, split-peas, with the best sources being alfalfa, clover, and soybean sprouts. Coumestrol, an isoflavone coumarin derivative is the only coumestan in foods. Soybeans and processed soy foods are among the richest foods in total phytoestrogens (wet basis per 100g), which are present primarily in the form of the isoflavones daidzein and genistein. Women A 2001 literature review suggested that women with current or past breast cancer should be aware of the risks of potential tumor growth when taking soy products, based on the effect of phytoestrogens to promote breast cancer cell growth in animals. A 2006 commentary reviewed the relationship with soy and breast cancer. They stated that soy may prevent breast cancer, but cautioned that the impact of isoflavones on breast tissue needs to be evaluated at the cellular level in women at high risk for breast cancer. A high consumption of omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids, which are found in most types of vegetable oil including soybean oil, may increase the likelihood that postmenopausal women will develop breast cancer. Another analysis suggests an inverse association between total polyunsaturated fatty acids and breast cancer risk. Men Because of the phytoestrogen content, some studies have suggested that there is an inverse correlation between soybean ingestion and testosterone in men. For this reason, they may protect against the development of prostate cancer. A theoretical decrease in the risk of prostate cancer should, however, be weighed against the possible side-effects of decreased testosterone, which are still unclear. The popular fear that soybeans might cause reduced libido and even feminine characteristics in men has not been indicated by any study; the popularity of the notion seems to be based on the simplistic misapprehension that estrogen and testosterone have a simple, inverse relationship in sexual hormone systems and sex-related behavior. Their interplay is very complicated and still largely unknown. A study published in April 2008 concluded that soy food intake has an inverse association with sperm concentration in fertility-deficient men. The same study found that soy intake does not affect sperm motility, morphology, or ejaculate volume. Allergy Main article: Soy allergy Allergy to soy is often said to be rather common, and the food is listed with other foods that commonly cause allergy, such as milk, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, shellfish. The problem has been reported amongst younger children and the diagnosis of soy allergy is often based on symptoms reported by parents and/or results of skin tests or blood tests for allergy. Only a few reported studies have attempted to confirm allergy to soy by direct challenge with the food under controlled conditions. In these circumstances it is clear that skin/blood tests considerably overestimate the problem, as do parental reports. It is very difficult to give a reliable estimate of the true prevalence of soy allergy in the general population. To the extent that it does exist, soy allergy may cause cases of urticaria (hives) and angioedema (swelling), usually within minutes to two hours of ingestion of the food. In rare, severe cases true anaphylaxis may occur, a condition that is much more common with allergy to foods such as peanut and shellfish. The reason for the discrepancy is likely that soy proteins, the causative factor in allergy, are far less potent at triggering allergy symptoms than the proteins of peanut and shellfish. An allergy test that is positive demonstrates that the immune system has formed IgE antibodies to soy proteins. However, when soy is ingested proteins must evade digestion and be absorbed in a form capable of triggering allergy and also in sufficient quantities to reach a threshold to provoke actual symptoms. The low potency of soy proteins as allergens may help explain why allergy skin/blood tests suggest that soy allergy is common, yet few cases are confirmed when the food is eaten under observation. Soy can also trigger symptoms via food intolerance, a situation where no immunologic (allergic) mechanism can be proven. One scenario is seen in very young infants who have vomiting and diarrhoea when fed soy-based formula. The symptoms resolve when the formula is withdrawn and recur when it is re-administered. Older infants can suffer a more severe disorder with vomiting, diarrhoea that may be bloody, anemia, weight loss and failure to thrive. The most common cause of this unusual disorder is a sensitivity to cow’s milk, but there is no doubt that soy formulas can also be the trigger. The precise mechanism is unclear and it could be immunologic, although not through the IgE-type antibodies that have the leading role in urticaria and anaphylaxis. Fortunately it is also self-limiting and will often disappear in the toddler years. Brain Estrogen helps protect and repair the brain during and after injury. The mimicry of estrogen by the phytoestrogens in soy has introduced a controversy over whether such a replacement is harmful or helpful to the brain. Several studies have found soy to be harmful for rats. Nevertheless the cited study was based on rats fed with concentrated phytoestrogens and not common soybeans. The common amounts of phytoestrogens in soy beans are not to be compared to concentrated estrogen. One study followed over 3000 Japanese men between 1965 and 1999, and that showed a positive correlation between brain atrophy and consumption of tofu. A study on elderly Indonesian men and women found that tempeh consumption was independently related to better memory. Carcinogen Raw soy flour is known to cause pancreatic cancer in rats. However, studies suggest heated soy flour is not carcinogenic in fat rats. Whether soy might promote pancreatic cancer in humans is unknown because studies have not yet attempted to single out soy intake and the incidence of pancreatic cancer in humans. The doses of soy used to induce pancreatic cancer in rats are said to be larger than humans would normally consume. In the meantime, several epidemiologic studies have found a protective effect against pancreatic cancer in high consumers of soy and other foods typical of the traditional Japanese and modern Seventh Day Adventist diet. Existing cancer patients have been advised by the Cancer Council of New South Wales, Australia to avoid high consumption of soy foods and supplements because of conflicting evidence these may accelerate the growth of hormone-dependent tumours. “While they [soy foods] may have a protective effect, there is also some evidence that phyto-oestrogens may stimulate the growth of existing hormone-dependent cancers,” according to a 2007 statement by the council. Soybean futures Soybean futures are traded on the Chicago Board of Trade and have delivery dates in January (F), March (H), May (K), July (N), August (Q), September (U), November (X). It is also traded on other commodity futures exchanges under different contract specifications: SAFEX: The South African Futures Exchange DC: Dalian Commodity Exchange KEX: Kansai Commodities Exchange in Japan TGE: Tokyo Grain Exchange in Japan KCX: Fukuoka Commodity Exchange in Japan that was absorbed by the KEX Soy beans also come from Mack and Bewick in the city of Detroit. See also Cash crop Nutrition Soy allergy Soy molasses Soybean wars of Paraguay References ^ “Glycine max”. MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE. http://www.plantnames.unimelb.edu.au/Sorting/Glycine.html#max.  ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/31/us/31meat.html?emc=eta1 ^ http://www.dvo.com/recipe_pages/grilln/Indonesian_Ketchup_-_Ketjap_Manis.html ^ “World Soybean Production 2007”. The American Soybean Association. 2008. http://www.soystats.com/2008/page_30.htm.  ^ “Soybeans Countries by commodity 2007”. FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS. http://faostat.fao.org/site/339/default.aspx.  ^ Singh, Ram J.; Nelson, Randall L.; Chung, Gyuhwa (2006-10-02). Genetic resources, chromosome engineering, and crop improvement: Oilseed Crops, Volume 4. CRC. pp. 15. ISBN 978-0849336393. http://books.google.com/books?id=lQ9bcjETlrIC&lpg=PA15&ots=TzTmDMuRfi&pg=PA15.  ^ Hymowitz, Theodore (1995-08-09). “Evaluation of Wild Perennial Glycine Species and Crosses For Resistance to Phakopsora”. in Sinclair, J.B.; Hartman, G.L.. Proceedings of the Soybean Rust Workshop. Urbana, IL, USA: National Soybean Rsearch Laboratory. pp. 3337. http://www.nsrl.uiuc.edu/news/nsrl_pubs/sbr1995/ArticleID.pdf. Retrieved 2009-07-11.  ^ Newell, C. A.; Hymowitz, T. (March 1983). “Hybridization in the Genus Glycine Subgenus Glycine Willd. (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae)”. American Journal of Botany 70: 334348. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2443241.  ^ Blackman SA, Obendorf RL, Leopold AC (September 1992). “Maturation Proteins and Sugars in Desiccation Tolerance of Developing Soybean Seeds”. Plant Physiol. 100 (1): 225230. doi:10.1104/pp.100.1.225. PMID 16652951. PMC 1075542. http://www.plantphysiol.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=16652951.  ^ a b Henkel, John (May, 2000), “Soy: Health Claims for Soy Protein, Questions About Other Components”, FDA Consumer, http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1370/is_3_34/ai_62298457/?tag=content;col1  ^ Hunter, Beatrice Trum. “The Downside of Soybean Consumption”. Nutrition for Optimal Health Association. http://www.nutrition4health.org/NOHAnews/NNF01SoyBeatrice.htm. Retrieved 2009-07-11.  ^ “Protein Means Power and a Whole Lot More”. Family Education Network. http://life.familyeducation.com/nutrition-and-diet/weight/46761.html. Retrieved 2009-07-11.  ^ Protein Quality Evaluation: Report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation. Bethesda, MD (USA): Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (Food and Nutrition Paper No. 51). 48 December 1989. ISBN 92-5-103097-9.  ^ Derbyshire, E.; Wright, D. J.; Boulter, D. (1976). “Legumin and vicilin, storage proteins of legume seeds”. Phytochemistry (Elsevier Science Ltd.) 15 (1): 324. doi:10.1016/S0031-9422(00)89046-9.  ^ Symolon H, Schmelz E, Dillehay D, Merrill A (1 May 2004). “Dietary soy sphingolipids suppress tumorigenesis and gene expression in 1,2-dimethylhydrazine-treated CF1 mice and ApcMin/+ mice.”. J Nutr 134 (5): 115761. PMID 15113963. http://jn.nutrition.org/cgi/content/full/134/5/1157.  ^ Raj Patel, Stuffed & Starved From Farm to Fork, the Hidden Battle for the World Food System, Portobello Books LTD (2008), London pp. 169-173. ^ Reynold Millard Wik, Henry Ford’s Science and Technology for Rural America, Technology and Culture, Vol. 3, No. 3 (Summer, 1962), pp. 247-258, The Johns Hopkins University Press on behalf of the Society for the History of Technology. ^ Baohui Song et al. (2007). “Market Power and Competitive Analysis of China Soybean Import Market”. International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium (IATRC). http://www-agecon.ag.ohio-state.edu/programs/Anderson/trade/51Song.pdf.  ^ Fargione, Joseph; Hill, Jason; Tilman, David; Polasky, Stephen; Hawthorne, Peter (February 2008). “Land Clearing and the Biofuel Carbon Debt”. Science 319 (5867): 12351238. doi:10.1126/science.1152747.  ^ Lang, Susan (2006-06-21). “Cornell alumnus Andrew Colin McClung reaps 2006 World Food Prize”. Cornell University. http://www.news.cornell.edu/stories/June06/World.Food.prize.ssl.html. Retrieved 2006-10-21.  ^ a b Soybean. Encyclopdia Britannica Online. Accessed May 3, 2009. ^ History of Soybeans. Soya – Information about Soy and Soya Products. Accessed January 15, 2008. ^ Soybean. Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-07. Accessed January 15, 2008. ^ Crawford, Gary W. 2006. East Asian Plant Domestication. In Archaeology of East Asia, edited by Miriam Stark. Blackwell, Oxford, p. 81. ^ Crawford and Lee 2003. ^ Crawford and Lee 2003:90. ^ http://www.soyinfocenter.com/HSS/soymilk1.php ^ http://www.soyinfocenter.com/chronologies_of_soyfoods-tofu.php ^ Schwarcz, Joseph A. (2004). The Fly in the Ointment: 70 Fascinating Commentaries on the Science of Everyday Life Canadian electronic library. ECW Press. p. 193. ISBN 1550226215. http://books.google.com/books?id=rmIbClRzfeoC&pg=PA193&dq=soy+paint&lr=&as_drrb_is=b&as_minm_is=1&as_miny_is=1990&as_maxm_is=1&as_maxy_is=2010&as_brr=3&client=firefox-a#v=onepage&q=soy%20paint&f=false.  ^ “Henry Ford’s Eco-Friendly Automobile”. Hospitality Wholesale Products Australia. http://www.harbay.net/henryford.html. Retrieved 2009-07-12.  ^ Padgette SR, Kolacz KH, Delannay X, Re DB, LaVallee BJ, Tinius CN, Rhodes WK, Otero YI, Barry GF, Eichholz DA, Peschke VM, Nida DL, Taylor NB, Kishore GM (1995). “Development, identification, and characterization of a glyphosate-tolerant soybean line”. Crop Sci 35: 145161.  ^ Liu, KeShun (1997-05-01) (Hardcover). Soybeans: Chemistry, Technology, and Utilization. Springer. p. 532. ISBN 0-8342-1299-4.  ^ Sneller CH (2003). “Impact of transgenic genotypes and subdivision on diversity within elite North American soybean germplasm”. Crop Sci 43: 40914.  ^ EU caught in quandary over GMO animal feed imports The Guardian, 7 December 2007 ^ Miniello VL, Moro GE, Tarantino M, Natile M, Granieri L, Armenio L (September 2003). “Soy-based formulas and phyto-oestrogens: a safety profile”. Acta Paediatr Suppl 91 (441): 93100. PMID 14599051.  ^ Giampietro PG, Bruno G, Furcolo G, et al. (February 2004). “Soy protein formulas in children: no hormonal effects in long-term feeding”. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 17 (2): 1916. PMID 15055353.  ^ Strom BL, Schinnar R, Ziegler EE, et al. (August 2001). “Exposure to soy-based formula in infancy and endocrinological and reproductive outcomes in young adulthood”. JAMA 286 (7): 80714. doi:10.1001/jama.286.7.807. PMID 11497534. http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=11497534.  ^ a b Merritt RJ, Jenks BH (1 May 2004). “Safety of soy-based infant formulas containing isoflavones: the clinical evidence”. J Nutr. 134 (5): 1220S4S. PMID 15113975. http://jn.nutrition.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=15113975.  ^ “Sustainability Fact Sheet” National Biodiesel Board, April 2008. http://biodiesel.org/resources/sustainability/pdfs/SustainabilityFactSheet.pdf ^ 3 Vodka. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2009/06/05/us/05cows.html?hpw ^ a b Sacks FM, Lichtenstein A, Van Horn L, Harris W, Kris-Etherton P, Winston M (February 2006). “Soy protein, isoflavones, and cardiovascular health: an American Heart Association Science Advisory for professionals from the Nutrition Committee”. Circulation 113 (7): 103444. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.106.171052. PMID 16418439. http://circ.ahajournals.org/cgi/content/full/113/7/1034#SEC5.  ^ About.com Thyroid/Soy Info ^ Sheehan & Doerge Letter To FDA ^ Gottstein N, Ewins BA, Eccleston C, et al. (May 2003). “Effect of genistein and daidzein on platelet aggregation and monocyte and endothelial function”. Br J Nutr. 89 (5): 60716. doi:10.1079/BJN2003820. PMID 12720581.  ^ Sasamura H, Takahashi A, Yuan J, et al. (August 2004). “Antiproliferative and antiangiogenic activities of genistein in human renal cell carcinoma”. Urology 64 (2): 38993. doi:10.1016/j.urology.2004.03.045. PMID 15302513.  ^ “Study Casts Doubt On Soy’s Health Benefits”. Consumer Affairs. 2005-08-03. http://www.consumeraffairs.com/news04/2005/soy_study.html.  ^ Cornell University Food and Brand Lab Article. ^ Sirtori CR (2001). “Risks and benefits of soy phytoestrogens in cardiovascular diseases, cancer, climacteric symptoms and osteoporosis”. Drug safety : an international journal of medical toxicology and drug experience 24 (9): 66582. PMID 11522120.  ^ a b Hogervorst E, Sadjimim T, Yesufu A, Kreager P, Rahardjo TB (2008). “High tofu intake is associated with worse memory in elderly Indonesian men and women”. Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 26 (1): 507. doi:10.1159/000141484. PMID 18583909. http://content.karger.com/produktedb/produkte.asp?typ=fulltext&file=000141484.  ^ Henkel, John. “Soy:Health Claims for Soy Protein, Question About Other Components”. Food and Drug Administration. http://www.fda.gov/fdac/features/2000/300_soy.html. Retrieved February 16, 2008.  ^ “Docket No. 2007N0-464” (PDF). http://westonaprice.org/soy/FDASoyHeartLetterFinal.pdf. Retrieved 2008-03-08.  ^ Vucenik, Ivana; Shamsuddin, AbulKalam M. (November 2003). “Cancer Inhibition by Inositol Hexaphosphate (IP6) and Inositol: From Laboratory to Clinic”. J. Nutr. 133: 3778S-3784S. http://jn.nutrition.org/cgi/reprint/133/11/3778S.  ^ Yoon, Jane H.; Thompson, Lilian U.; Jenkins, David JA (December 1983). “The effect of phytic acid on in vitro rate of starch digestibility and blood glucose response”. Am J Clin Nutr. 38: 835842. http://www.ajcn.org/cgi/reprint/38/6/835.  ^ Sudheer, Kumar M; Sridhar, Reddy B; Kiran, Babu S; Bhilegaonkar, PM; Shirwaikar, A; Unnikrishnan, MK (February 2004). “Antiinflammatory and antiulcer activities of phytic acid in rats”. Indian J Exp Biol. 42 (2): 17985. PMID 15282951.  ^ Committee on Food Protection, Food and Nutrition Board, National Research Council (1973). “Phytates”. Toxicants Occurring Naturally in Foods. National Academy of Sciences. pp. 363371. ISBN 9780309021173. http://books.google.com/books?id=lIsrAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA363.  ^ Adlercreutz H, Mazur W, Bartels P, et al. (2000). “Phytoestrogens and prostate disease”. J. Nutr. 130 (3): 658S9S. PMID 10702603.  ^ de Kleijn MJ, van der Schouw YT, Wilson PW, Grobbee DE, Jacques PF (2002). “Dietary intake of phytoestrogens is associated with a favorable metabolic cardiovascular risk profile in postmenopausal U.S.women: the Framingham study”. J. Nutr. 132 (2): 27682. PMID 11823590.  ^ Valsta LM, Kilkkinen A, Mazur W, et al. (2003). “Phyto-oestrogen database of foods and average intake in Finland”. Br. J. Nutr. 89 Suppl 1: S318. doi:10.1079/BJN2002794. PMID 12725654.  ^ Thompson LU, Boucher BA, Liu Z, Cotterchio M, Kreiger N (2006). “Phytoestrogen content of foods consumed in Canada, including isoflavones, lignans, and coumestan”. Nutr Cancer 54 (2): 184201. doi:10.1207/s15327914nc5402_5. PMID 16898863.  ^ de Lemos ML (2001). “Effects of soy phytoestrogens genistein and daidzein on breast cancer growth”. Ann Pharmacother 35 (9): 111821. doi:10.1345/aph.10257. PMID 11573864.  ^ Messina M, McCaskill-Stevens W, Lampe JW (2006). “Addressing the soy and breast cancer relationship: review, commentary, and workshop proceedings”. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 98 (18): 127584. doi:10.1093/jnci/djj356. PMID 16985246.  ^ Emily Sonestedt, Ulrika Ericson, Bo Gullberg, Kerstin Skog, Hkan Olsson, Elisabet Wirflt (2008). “Do both heterocyclic amines and omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids contribute to the incidence of breast cancer in postmenopausal women of the Malm diet and cancer cohort?”. The International Journal of Cancer (UICC International Union Against Cancer) 123 (7): 16371643. doi:10.1002/ijc.23394. PMID 10970215. http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/120780752/abstract. Retrieved 2008-11-30.  ^ Valeria Pala, Vittorio Krogh, Paola Muti, Vronique Chajs, Elio Riboli, Andrea Micheli, Mitra Saadatian, Sabina Sieri, Franco Berrino (18 July 2001). “Erythrocyte Membrane Fatty Acids and Subsequent Breast Cancer: a Prospective Italian Study”. JNCL 93 (14): 1088. PMID 11459870. http://jnci.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/93/14/1088. Retrieved 2008-11-30.  ^ Dillingham BL, McVeigh BL, Lampe JW, Duncan AM (2005). “Soy protein isolates of varying isoflavone content exert minor effects on serum reproductive hormones in healthy young men”. J. Nutr. 135 (3): 58491. PMID 15735098.  ^ Heald CL, Ritchie MR, Bolton-Smith C, Morton MS, Alexander FE (2007). “Phyto-oestrogens and risk of prostate cancer in Scottish men”. Br. J. Nutr. 98 (2): 38896. doi:10.1017/S0007114507700703. PMID 17403269.  ^ Maskarinec G, Morimoto Y, Hebshi S, Sharma S, Franke AA, Stanczyk FZ (December 2006). “Serum prostate-specific antigen but not testosterone levels decrease in a randomized soy intervention among men”. Eur J Clin Nutr 60 (12): 14239. doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602473. PMID 16775579.  ^ Chavarro JE, Toth TL, Sadio SM, Hauser R (November 2008). “Soy food and isoflavone intake in relation to semen quality parameters among men from an infertility clinic”. Hum Reprod. 23 (11): 258490. doi:10.1093/humrep/den243. PMID 18650557. http://humrep.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/short/den243v1.  ^ Cantani, A; Lucenti P (August 1997). “Natural history of soy allergy and/or intolerance in children, and clinical use of soy-protein formulas”. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 8 (2): 5974. doi:10.1111/j.1399-3038.1997.tb00146.x.  ^ Cordle, C T (May 2004). “Soy protein allergy: incidence and relative severity.”. Journal of Nutrition 134 (5): 1213S1219S.  ^ Sampson, H A (May 1999). “Food allergy. Part 1: Immunopathogenesis and clinical disorders”. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 103 (5): 717728. doi:10.1016/S0091-6749(99)70411-2.  ^ Eberling JL, Wu C, Haan MN, Mungas D, Buonocore M, Jagust WJ (2003). “Preliminary evidence that estrogen protects against age-related hippocampal atrophy”. Neurobiol. Aging 24 (5): 72532. doi:10.1016/S0197-4580(02)00056-8. PMID 12885580.  ^ File SE, Hartley DE, Alom N, Rattray M (2003). “Soya phytoestrogens change cortical and hippocampal expression of BDNF mRNA in male rats”. Neurosci. Lett. 338 (2): 1358. doi:10.1016/S0304-3940(02)01391-5. PMID 12566171.  ^ White LR, Petrovitch H, Ross GW, et al. (2000). “Brain aging and midlife tofu consumption”. J Am Coll Nutr 19 (2): 24255. PMID 10763906. http://www.jacn.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=10763906.  ^ Dethloff L, Barr B, Bestervelt L, et al. (2000). “Gabapentin-induced mitogenic activity in rat pancreatic acinar cells”. Toxicol. Sci. 55 (1): 529. doi:10.1093/toxsci/55.1.52. PMID 10788559.  ^ Roebuck BD, Kaplita PV, Edwards BR, Praissman M (1987). “Effects of dietary fats and soybean protein on azaserine-induced pancreatic carcinogenesis and plasma cholecystokinin in the rat”. Cancer Res. 47 (5): 13338. PMID 3815341.  ^ Roebuck BD (1986). “Enhancement of pancreatic carcinogenesis by raw soy protein isolate: quantitative rat model and nutritional considerations”. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 199: 91107. PMID 3799291.  ^ The Whole Soy Story? Half truths and untruths do not a whole story make By Syd Baumel, eatkind.net. ^ [www.news.com.au/dailytelegraph/story/0,22049,21054484-5001021,00.html Soy cancer warning] By Clair Weaver January 14, 2007 The Daily Telegraph. ^ List of Commodity Delivery Dates on Wikinvest. ^ http://www.safex.co.za/ ^ http://www.dce.com.cn ^ http://www.kanex.or.jp/english/index-eng.htm ^ http://www.tge.or.jp/english/index.shtml External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Soybean Cornell University Food and Brand Lab – Insights on encouraging soy consumption Health Canada: Soy – Information from the Canadian government Indian Soybean recipe New Crop Resource Online Program – Large collection of Soybean information Soy Allergy Information Page – Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America Soyfoods Association of North America – Trade association The Vegetarian & Vegan Foundation – Soy advocacy fact sheet United Soybean Board – Trade association The History of Soy – Soy’s journey v  d  e Soy General Soybean  Soy protein  Soybean meal  Soy controversy  Soy allergy  List of soybean diseases Meat analogues Tofu  Tempeh  Tofurkey Dairy analogues Soy milk  Soy cheese  Soy yogurt  Soy ice cream Sauces and condiments Fermented bean paste  Soy sauce v  d  e Vegetarianism Diets Sattvic diet  Veganism  Raw veganism  Fruitarianism Semi-vegetarianism Flexitarianism  Pescetarianism  Pollotarianism Animal byproducts Lacto-ovo-vegetarianism  Ovo-vegetarianism  Lacto-vegetarianism Basic topics History of vegetarianism  Vegetarianism by country  List of vegetarians  Environmental vegetarianism  Economic vegetarianism  Ethics of eating meat Vegetarianism and religion Buddhism  Catharism  Christianity  Hinduism  Jainism  Jewish vegetarianism  Sikhism  Tolstoyanism Food and drink Cheese analogue  Meat analogue  Plant milk  Vegan cuisine  Vegan organic gardening  Vegan wine  Vegetarian nutrition  Vegetarian cuisine  Veggie burger Organizations and events American Vegetarian Party  Christian Vegetarian Association  European Vegetarian Union  Food for Life  International Vegetarian Union  Massachusetts Animal Rights Coalition  Boston Vegetarian Society  PETA  Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine  Toronto Vegetarian Association  Vegan Society  Vegetarian Network Victoria  Vegetarian Society  Veggies  World Vegan Day  World Vegetarian Day v  d  e Edible fats and oils Fats Bacon fat  Blubber  Butter  Clarified butter  Cocoa butter  Dripping  Duck fat  Ghee  Lard  Margarine  Niter kibbeh  Salo  Schmaltz  Shea butter  Smen  Suet  Tallow  Vegetable shortening Oils Almond oil  Argan oil  Avocado oil  Canola oil  Cashew oil  Castor oil  Coconut oil  Colza oil  Corn oil  Cottonseed oil  Fish oil  Grape seed oil  Hazelnut oil  Hemp oil  Linseed oil (flaxseed oil)  Macadamia oil  Marula oil  Mongongo nut oil  Mustard oil  Olive oil  Palm oil (palm kernel oil)  Peanut oil  Pecan oil  Perilla oil  Pine nut oil  Pistachio oil  Poppyseed oil  Pumpkin seed oil  Rapeseed oil  Rice bran oil  Safflower oil  Sesame oil  Soybean oil  Sunflower oil  Tea seed oil  Walnut oil  Watermelon seed oil  Whale oil See also: List of vegetable oils  Cooking oil  Essential oil Categories: Vegetarianism

Energy crops

Faboideae

Soy products

Edible legumes

Fiber plants

Chinese ingredients

Vietnamese ingredients

Korean ingredientsHidden categories: All articles with unsourced statements

Articles with unsourced statements from November 2008

Articles with unsourced statements from May 2009

Articles with unsourced statements from March 2007

Articles with unsourced statements from November 2009

Articles with unsourced statements from February 2008

Articles lacking sources from September 2009

All articles lacking sources

Articles with unsourced statements from December 2007

We are high quality suppliers, our products such as auto key blanks , replacement car key for oversee buyer. To know more, please visits auto key blanks.

Related Articles – auto key blanks, replacement car key,

Email this Article to a Friend!

Receive Articles like this one direct to your email box!
Subscribe for free today!

3 Reasons to Hire a Cleaning Services Company Today

 

Nobody wants to live in a messy house.

But keeping your home as clean as you want is almost impossible. Who can follow sweeping, cleansing, stripping and scraping non-stop? Not to mention deep cleaning for more serious problems.

It can look like a clean house consistently is a pipe dream. You may have even withdrawn from life in a mess.

But do not give up hope first. There is another solution: hire a cleaning service company.

The cleaning company may look fancy. But if you weigh the benefits of cleaning services against costs, this is a pretty easy decision.

In this article, we will see all the benefits that a cleaning service company can offer at a very affordable price.

1. Clean professionals are better
No matter how good you are clean, there is a chance you are not as skilled as a professional.

As the saying goes, practice becomes perfect. And no one spends more time practicing cleaning than professional cleaners.

Commercial cleaning services employ only highly skilled people with years of experience. Many reputable companies only hire certified technicians, so you can be sure that your house is getting cleaner as deep as possible.

Cleaning companies also give their employees the best quality equipment and materials.

And it’s more than a broom and a mop. Professional cleaners have access to industrial carpet cleaners, caustic sodium cleaners, and more.

When you pair these high-level skills with access to the best inventory, you will feel so clean that it may not suit your own needs.

2. Astonishing cost-effective
Take a moment to figure out how much you spend on your cleaning supplies at home.

How much do you spend on bigger items, such as hiring steamers or electric washing machines?

Or what about the expensive stain remover you buy in a large container and just a disposable one?

This cost increases with time. Compare your annual cleaning budget to professional cleaning costs, and you may be surprised to learn that cleaning service companies are very affordable.

And when you consider how much time you save, there is really no comparison.

3. Your time is precious
How much time do you spend cleaning it?

Half an hour a day? A couple of hours on weekends? Maybe you have several cleaning sessions every day of the year.

Now imagine if that time has been released. Think of everything you would do instead.

Are you going to hike with your family? Take a new hobby? Maybe you’ll go to the movies or read more books.

Hiring a commercial cleaning service frees up your time so you can get your life back.

What are you waiting for?
Hiring a professional cleaning service can seem like an expensive cost. But if you consider the time and money you save on the quality of service you receive,

But if you consider the time and money you save on the quality of service you receive, you’ll wonder what you’ve been waiting for.

So do not wait any longer. Contact your local cleaning company today and get your time back.

3 Tips for Selling Your Car

Out of all the events in a person’s life, selling a car is well known to be one of the most stressful. It is hard to know if you are getting the right deal, selling to an honest person or even if you are making the right decision to sell in the first place. There are, however, a few things that you can keep in mind to keep the stress at bay during the process.

Research, Research, Research

Always be sure to look up the face value of your car, taking into account the mileage and overall condition of the vehicle. Making sure that you know that your are getting a good deal is the single best way to keep the stress and worry away. You can tell an interested customer the price, and be confident in the number. You won’t have to feel pushed into lowering the price, either.

Advertise Intelligently

Advertising your car is essential to making sure it is sold fairly and in a timely manner. Websites like Craigslist are not only free, but also exceptionally popular for listing cars. Make sure that whichever method of advertising your sale you choose is something that can be circulated easily and attract the right kind of attention.

Clean It Out

This may seem like a given, but double check – is the car in its best shape? Make sure that you have taken an adequate amount of time to clean the car, and remove all of your personal artifacts. Take off any bumper stickers or parking decals that may have accumulated overtime in your ownership, and get it looking as new as you can! This will allow potential buyers to envision themselves in the car, without all of your personal touches getting in the way.

As long as you make sure that all of your ducks are in order, so to speak, before you list the car, you won’t have anything to worry about! Just sit back and wait for the first potential buyer come to you. If you have any questions or need any further tips about selling a car, contact your local dealership or visit this website.

3 Delicious Vibrate Weight You Should Try

3 Delicious Vibrate Weight You Should Try

 

Do you follow your New Year’s resolutions? What about your weight loss goals?

Foods that help lose weight were very boring first. Salads, salads, and more salads … enough with lettuce, I say! It’s hard to meet your goals when you’re bored.

To lose weight successfully, you need to mix your routine now and then.

Smoothie and shakes are a tasty and nutritious alternative to staple foods. And they take the weight loss industry by storm.

Vibrate weight loss is the perfect way to change your breakfast oatmeal, salad lunch, or healthy snack.

They are packed with fruits, vegetables, and vitamins and they are fast and easy to make.

They are even good enough to give to your children. Seriously, kids love this shakes!

Getting your family to achieve your weight loss goals is the best way to maintain good momentum. 3 Delicious Vibrate Weight You Should Try

Ready to cope with your weight loss goals in a way that is comfortable? Read on for 3 awesome and delicious recipes.

3 Must Try Vibrate Weight
Mango surprise

Are you a mango lover? It’s the perfect summer refreshment or even the rays of sunshine you need on a bleak day.

Combine these ingredients until smooth, pour golden glasses, garnished if desired, and enjoy!

1/4 c. cube mango
1/4 c. mashed avocado
1/2 c. Mango juice
1/4 c. fat free vanilla yogurt
1 tbsp fresh lime juice
1 tbsp Sugar
6 ice cubes
Surprising! Very tasty.

Spinach Flax Protein Shake

The recipe from The Blonde Buckeye is the best way to get a healthy dose of vegetables in your day.

Tired of spinach salad? This is the best alternative.

And with a little added fruit and protein powder, this recipe is perfect if you’re not a spinach type.

Do not forget, spinach is rich in fiber, protein, vitamins A, C, E, K, and B6, and much more. This is an important weight loss.

1 c. unsweetened almond milk (or the like)
1 large organic spinach spinach, washed
1/4 c. pieces of frozen mango
1/4 c. frozen pineapple
1/2 of banana, fresh or frozen
1 tablespoon flax (optional)
1 tbsp chia seed (optional)
1 spoon of vanilla protein flour (optional)
Combine this ingredients until smooth and enjoy!

Chocolate Raspberry Smoothie 3 Delicious Vibrate Weight You Should Try

Looking for the perfect healthy food choices? Order up! This will knock your socks off.

I always say: if you will have desserts, you might as well fill it with fiber.

Raspberries are an excellent weight loss tool. They are low in calories and packed with healthy fiber, making you feel full longer.

And the chocolate is amazing.

You can not go wrong with this smoothie.

1/2 c. skim or soy milk
6 oz. Vanilla yogurt
1/4 c. chocolate chip
1 c. fresh raspberries
A handful of ice or an extra 1 c. raspberry frozen
Mix until smooth and enjoy a high chocolaty snack!

Losing weight can be difficult but still can be delicious! Use this weight loss sap to treat yourself occasionally and keep it in line with your goals.

Enjoy!

Ladies Shoes Online Shopping

Finding Ladies Shoes may seem like an easy prospect with a shoe store on every street corner. However, few of those bricks and mortar stores carry a sufficient selection for the majority of women shoppers. Many would prefer to shop from the comfort of their home with an online retailer that offers a large line of styles, sizes and colors. This article introduces you to a top online store for shoe shopping.

If you want to save money and choose from a huge selection, visit this website to browse the best range of Ladies Shoes online.

Shopping for Ladies shoes can be a complicated process. It’s not just about finding the best fit at the right price. An ideal Ladies shoe will coordinate perfectly with particular wardrobe ensembles, which means a broad selection of colors and styles is a must in a worthwhile shoe retailer. Zappos can deliver with a special search function designed specifically for finding the right shade of shoes for your special outfit. Look specifically for pink, green or even orange shoes to coordinate beautifully with your wardrobe.

Ladies casual shoes can also take on multiple meanings during the shopping process. For some, casual is equated with a classic pair of leather loafers that are perfect for a dress-down day at the office. For others, casual might be the perfect pair of flip flops to wear to the beach or lounge around home. Zappos breaks the casual category down into a multitude of sub-categories to make the shopping process a little easier and more efficient. Choose from colors, brands or specific styles to expedite your shopping experience.

The same need for variety holds true for Ladies dress shoes. Some dress shoes for women sport a sassy high heel while others are flat and comfortable. Some offer a conservative style perfect for the office and others flaunt some attitude for a night on the town. Zappos has something for every taste and budget, from sexy stilettos to stylish but comfortable Mary Jane’s. Try a variety of search functions to find the perfect pair of Ladies Shoes for your dress up wardrobe.

Zappos is a top retailer of Ladies shoes and boots for a variety of reasons. The website offers one of the largest selections of shoes you can find. The merchandise is warehoused so you know everything available on the website is in stock at the time of purchase. The retailer also offers top quality customer service to help you through the ordering and purchasing process.

Writer enjoys writing about various subjects of interest, and helping people make good decisions in their endeavors. For the bestLadies Shoeshead to buy Ladies shoes . http://www.treds.co.uk/category/ladies-footwear/shoe/1

How to Properly Tackle a Digital Transition in the Shipment Industry

How to Properly Tackle a Digital Transition in the Shipment Industry

Gone are the days when the truck would leave the warehouse, and you’d be in the dark until you received a call letting you know that the shipment had gone well. Now, you can track your shipments with live data guiding you through every step of the way. This can help give you a better sense of where you can find better routes, save more time and money, and overall give you an advantage in managing your supply chain more efficiently.
Whether you are an expediter, a shipment broker, a carrier company or shipper, our diverse line of products can give you an edge over your competition. We live in the information age – this means that the more information that you can harness to empower your business the better it will do. People want to be informed, and by giving your clientele a more detailed view into the service you’re providing them you are giving them better value, which is crucial for a market as competitive as the freight industry.

 

Believe it or not, there are still quite a large number of shipment companies and distributors that are sticking more “traditional” methods of their supply chain process. This means that they are holding the same standards and services that have been with the trucking industry for the past few decades, before the time of cell phones and smart devices. By using these older supply chain management methods shipment companies aren’t offering their clients the best possible service, so they run the risk of losing their clientele. One of the main reasons for keeping with these older methodologies is due to the fear and cost of modernizing their systems with current technologies.

If a company takes on the task of developing a proprietary supply chain management solution for themselves, they are going to run into issues. The system development, testing, and implementation is too much for a company to take on alone. This is why third party supply chain management services are so important for the freight industry. These companies have taken on the hard tasks and have developed working solutions to manage freight visibility and other aspects of the supply chain process. With a third party service you can make your company’s transition into the digital age that much easier and more efficient. This is going to help maximize both customer satisfaction and company profits.

How to Use Goat Milk Products for Body Care

How to Use Goat Milk Products for Body Care

With the increased form of natural and organic body care, the use of goat’s milk has received much attention.

Goat milk has many amazing health benefits, including complementing our immune system and helping maintain healthy bones and blood sugar. In addition to the obvious health benefits that can be obtained from drinking goat’s milk, there are other ways to enjoy this form of milk.

The use of goat milk in body care products is one such way it is done. Interested to know how you can incorporate this form of milk into your body-care regimen?

Let’s dive first how to use goat milk products for body care.

Goat’s milk soap and body treatments
One of the most common ways that people around the world have incorporated goat milk into their body care regimen is in the form of soap. Goat’s milk soap is not like a mixture of sodium lauryl sulfate that most people use today.

Instead, it has many benefits – without harsh chemicals.

Here are some benefits of using goat milk soap:

Helps reduce and treat acne

Nearly 80 percent of all people aged between 11 and 30 experience acne at some point in their lives. It’s easy to see why the ability to combat acne goat’s milk is so well received.

Goat milk has antibacterial substances that inhibit bacterial growth. It helps reduce and treat acne because the acne is triggered by bacteria and oil clogs the skin pores.

Say goodbye to aging skin

We can all agree that we can do without aging. If you feel strongly about the sentiments, you will be glad to know that goat milk soaps help slow the aging process! How?

Goat milk has a high content of lactic acid, as well as other alpha-hydroxy acids. This type of acid breaks down dead skin cell bonds and removes them from the surface faster than sodium lauryl sulfate blend soaps.

This gives the skin cells a chance to regenerate faster and give the skin a more youthful look.

There is absolutely no chemicals to damage the skin

Goat milk body care products have their own advantages over other products on the market – they are 100% natural and do not use harsh chemicals.

Regular soap uses chemicals to remove dead skin cells. Over time, these chemicals burn the skin and actually contribute to aging, not slow it down. Because of all the natural and acid enzymes in goat’s milk, it helps restore and regenerate the skin.

Reduces inflammation and moisturizes the skin

If you suffer from inflammation in different areas of your body, goat milk soap can be the solution you are looking for. It has a high molecular fat content, which makes it a cream moisturizer. In addition, goat milk soap also soothes dry and damaged skin.

The essential oils and vitamins found in goat’s milk help fight the body’s inflammation and other discomforts. It contains vitamins E, C, D, B6, B12, and B1. These nutrients not only improve your skin, but also stick to your body.

Another way goat milk can be used in body care
Now that we’ve found the benefits of goat milk soap, are there other body care products combining goat’s milk? Of course! Unlike cow’s milk, goat’s milk is a healthier alternative. Thus, more and more skin care companies use goat milk in their products.

Here are some ways for goat milk to be incorporated into other skin care products:

Salt bath

Goat milk has many enzymes and natural acids, which makes it the optimal choice for a natural and relaxing bath after a long day.

Hydration of milk cream

Due to its moisturizing properties, goat milk makes hydration cream used at the beginning or end of your day. It is also light, so you will not even notice it in your face.

Hair mask

Why is your body only benefiting from the hydrating and regenerative benefits of goat’s milk? Goat milk hair mask is the best choice for anyone who wants to nourish their hair naturally. It works on all types of hair.

Salt Scrubs

If a particular part of your body needs additional TLC, a salt scrub is the way to go. When you combine natural healing and goat milk moisturizing properties, with the exfoliating power of salt scrubs, you have a match made in heaven that your body will love.

Lip balm

Again, goat’s milk is a natural moisturizer and hydrant. If your lips are often cracked or broken,

Is It a Good Idea to Use the REST Report for Loan Modification

Do you wish to determine if your mortgage loan modification application will get approved? Looking for ways to prevent foreclosure? Was your request recently refused? If your reply to some of these inquiries is yes then you should harness the power of REST. It’s among the most powerful analytic tools available for property owners and financial institutions. With the help of this software program you can greatly boost your likelihood of a getting a successful loan mod. Moreover it can reduce the acceptance time substantially. Here we’ll talk about some other benefits of using this system and how you can begin.

Previously home loan modification was a very cumbersome and hard procedure. After submitting an application the property owner didn’t have any choice but to wait patiently for bank’s review, that, generally, took more than a week. In the event of denial you had to begin all over again. Fortunately that can easily be prevented nowadays. The REST program provides the ability to find out in advance whether your application can get approved. After checking out the result of this analysis you can modify your application and eliminate the inconsistencies. The reason behind the popularity of this system is that it suggests a win-win loan disposition scenario. The choices indicated by REST are affordable for the debtor and still promise the highest possible return to the financial institution.

The REST analysis also lets you know whether loan mod is a viable approach. If the software detects that it is not a viable choice, it’ll let you know. Often a Short Sale is more helpful for the borrower. Also, if the lender doesn’t have a option but to go for foreclosure, REST will show you exactly what modifications you should make to stop foreclosure. Simply speaking, this system will prove itself helpful no matter what your situation is.

REST works for several loan types like Home Affordable Modification Program (HAMP), internal and conventional adjustments as well as JUMBO loans. According to experts the first option is the most beneficial one but you should still have a look at all the possible choices before picking one. If you aren’t sure which type of loan is ideal for your circumstances then don’t get worried since there are a large number of websites which provide free information and guidance to borrowers. A simple Google search will tell you everything you need to know.

These are some of the main advantages of using REST. This state-of-the-art software is way more user-friendly and effective in comparison with other similar analytical tools out there. You can find out more on the official REST website.

You can find more information about loan modification and the rest report on our website. Visit today and get your modification application approved.